Perioperative services have been scrutinized in the context of cost containment in health care, particularly in the procurement and reprocessing of surgical instruments. Although solutions such as surgical instrument inventory optimization (IO) have been proposed, there is a paucity of literature on how to implement this change. The purpose of this project was to describe the implementation of an IO using Kotter’s Change Model (KCM).


This study was conducted at a tertiary academic hospital across the four highest-volume surgical services. The IO was implemented using the steps outlined by KCM: (1) create coalition, (2) create vision for change, (3) establish urgency, (4) communicate the vision, (5) empower broad-based action, (6) generate short-term wins, (7) consolidate gains, and (8) anchor change. This process was evaluated using inventory metrics, operational efficiency metrics, and clinician satisfaction. . .

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Originally published January 2022.