Peer Reviewed 2017-07-18T19:30:53+00:00

Peer Reviewed

AMDR Bibliography of Peer-Reviewed Articles and Other Scientific Literature on Reprocessing

Author Title Source Date Page, other info.
Daniel Vukelich, Esq., Association of Medical Device Reprocessors Lessons Learned from FDA’s Regulation of ‘Single-Use’ Device Reprocessing AAMI Horizons Spring 2016 pp. 32-34
Helen Brann, CMRP, Duke University Heart Center, and Angela Capone, RN, BSN A Tale of Two SUD Reprocessing Programs: How Two Similar Health Systems Can Achieve Very Different Results EP Lab Digest 2015
Alonso Punter, Juan Carlos et al. Economic and Environmental Impact from Reprocessing Single-Use Products in Spanish Hospitals Impacto Económico y Medioambiental Del
Reprocesamiento De Productos De Un Solo Uso
En Hospitales Españoles
2015 Translation of Introduction and Conclusion
Loftus, Terrence J. MD, MBA, FACS A Comparison of the Failure Rate between Original Equipment Manufacturer and Reprocessed Single-use Energy Devices ASME Journal of Medical Devices August 2015
John C. WocherVukelich, Daniel J., Esq., CAE The Reuse of Medical Devices Intended for Single Use: The Great Difference of OpinionsSingled Out Japan Hospitals: The Journal of Japan Hospital AssociationMedical Plastics News July 2014August, 2014 No. 33, p. 55
Orsini, John,Executive VP & CFO of Cadence Health Web Extra: Identifying Supply Chain Cost-Containment Opportunities Healthcare Financial Management Association June, 2014 Only available to HFMA Members
Choiniere, Denise B., MS, RN Greening the OR OR Nurse Journal July, 2013 Volume 7, Issue 4 p 41-47
Vukelich, Daniel J., Esq., CAE Reading into labels: Unpacking the ‘single use’ debate European Medical Hygiene July, 2013 EMH Magazine, Issue 5
Rao R, Mani R, et al Reprocessing of single-use hemodynamic catheters in cardiology-we do but how best to do it Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control June, 2013 From 2nd International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control (ICPIC 2013)
Vukelich, Daniel J., Esq. A Winning Approach; Regulating Rather Than Banning the Reprocessing of Single Use Devices  Arab Medical Hygiene April, 2013 AMH Magazine, Issue 9
Yoan Kagoma MD, Nathan Stall MD, Edward Rubinstein MSc CEM, Douglas Naudie MD People, Planets and Profits: The Case for Greening Operating Rooms Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) 11-Jun-12 CMAJ 2012. DOI:10.1503 /cmaj.112139
Marcus Bracklo and Ulrike Marczak, Chief Executive Office and Head of Reprocessing, Vanguard AG (Berlin). Reprocessing Cardiology Devices – Reviewing 15 Years of Experience in Germany European Cardiology Summer 2012 Vol. 8, Issue 2
Eller, Joann Sustainability Strategies at Piedmont Hospital: 10 Years of Reprocessing Success in the EP Lab EP Lab Digest October 2011 Vol. 11, Issue 10
Vukelich, Daniel J., Esq. Setting the Record Straight: The Debate Over Reprocessing Should Focus on Facts and Science, Not Scare Tactics and Innuendo Journal of Medical Device Regulation May-11  Vol. 8, Issue 2, pp.23-28
Von Eiff, Wilfried, M.D. Report Confirms: Reprocessing Single-Use Devices Decreases Costs Medical Data Institute Mar-11
Metcalf, Carole L. BS, RN, CNOR, CRNFA Medical Device Reprocessing: A New Way to Go Green OR Nurse Mar-11 Vol. 5, Issue 2, pp. 43-46
Kwakye, Gifty; Brat, Gabriel A.; Makary, Martin A. Green Surgical Practices for Health Care Archives of Surgery Feb-11 Vol 146, pp.131-6
Tessarolo,Francesco; Caola, Iole; Nollo, Giandomenico  Critical Issues in Reprocessing Single-Use Medical Devices for Interventional Cardiology Biomedical Engineering, Trends, Research and Technologies  January 2011  pp 619-644
Lester, Bruce R. PhD; Miller, Keith; Boers, Arie BS; Harris, David C. BS; Gamble, William G. MD Comparison of In Vivo Clinical Performance and Shaft Temperature and In Vitro Tissue Temperature and Transection Times Between New and Reprocessed Harmonic Scalpels Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques Oct-10 Vol 20 – No 5  pp 150–159
The Risks are Controllable European Hospital Oct-10
Kwakye, G. MPH, Pronovost, P J. MD, PhD and Makary, M. A. MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University A Call to Go Green in Health Care by Reprocessing Medical Equipment Academic Medicine; The Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges Mar-10 Vol. 85, No. 3, 398-400.
Sloan, T. First, Do No Harm? A Framework for Evaluating New Versus Reprocessed Medical Devices Journal of the Operational Research Society 2010 Vol. 61, 191-201
Lester, Bruce R., Boser, Nicole P., Miller, Keith, Schnapf, Mark, Jacques, Beth A., Sullivan, Brian F., and Marchin, George L. Reprocessing and Sterilization of Single-Use Electrophysiological Catheters: Removal of Organic Carbon and Protein Surface Residues Journal of AOAC International; A Peer-Reviewed Journal Publishing Basic and Applied Research in the Analytical Sciences Related to Foods, Drugs, Agriculture, and the Environment 2009 Vol. 92, No. 4, pp. 1165-73.
Bank, Alan J., Berry, James M., Wilson, Robert F., and Lester, Bruce R. Acceptance Criteria for Reprocessed Acunav Catheters: Comparison Between Functionality Testing and Clinical Image Assessment Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, Official Journal of the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology Mar-09 Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 507-514.
Kramer, Axel, Assadian, Ojan, Jaekel, Christian and Kraft, Marc. The Safe Processing of Medical Devices in the Interests of Patient Protection GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 27;  ISSN 186-5245
Kramer, Axel and Assadian, Ojan Ethical and Hygiene Aspects of the Reprocessing of Medical Devices in Germany GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 25; ISSN 186-5245
Grosskopf, Volker and Jaekel, Christian Legal Framework Conditions for the Reprocessing of Medical Devices GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 24; ISSN 186-5245
Kraft, Marc Framework Conditions and Requirements to Ensure the Technical Functional Safety of Reprocesed Medical Devices GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 23; ISSN 186-5245
Klosz, Kerstin Quality Management for the Processing of Medical Devices GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 22; ISSN 186-5245
Krueger, Colin M. Processing Single-Use Medical Devices for Use in Surgery – Importance, Status Quo and Potential GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 21; ISSN 186-5245
Gaertner, D., Muenz, K., Hueckelheim, E., and Hesse, U. Ultrasound Scissors: New Single-Use Instruments vs. Resterilized Single-Use Instruments – A Prospective Randomised Study GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 20; ISSN 186-5245
Vom Woedtke, Thomas and Kramer, Axel The Limits of Sterility Assurance GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3-Sep-08 Vol. 3(3), Doc 19; ISSN 186-5245
Sung, Jinsil K., Levin, MD, Rafael, Siegel, MD, Jodi, Einhord, MD, Thomas A., Creevy, MD, Willliam R., and Tornetta, MD, Paul. Reuse of External Fixation Components: A Randomized Trial Journal of Orthpedic Trauma Feb-08 Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 126-131.
Horwitz, Daniel S. MD, Schabel, Kathryn L.S. MD, Higgins, Thomas F. MD The Economic Impact of Reprocessing External Fixation Components Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Oct-07 89: 2132-36
Tessarolo, F., Disertori, M., Caola, I., Guarrera, G.M., Favaretti, C., and Nollo, G. Health Technology Assessment on Reprocessing Single-Use Catheters for Cardiac Electrophysiology: Results of a Three-Years Study Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. August 23-26, 2007 pp. 1758-1761
Tessarolo, F., Caola, I., Fedel, M., Stacchiotti, A., Caciagli, P., Guarrera, G.M., Motta, A., and Nollo, G. Different Experimental Protocols for Decontamination Affect the Cleaning of Medical Devices Journal of Hospital Infection 2007 Vol. 65, pp. 326-333
Lester, Bruce R., Alexander, Alan A., Miller, Keith, Boser, Nicole P., Sullivan, Brian F., and Brucker, Gregory Comparison of Performance Characteristics Between New and Reprocessed Electrophysiology Catheters Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 2006 Vol. 17, pp. 77-83
Chudzik, Rafal, Howell, Michael, BSN, RN, Mahajan, Atul AcuNav Reprocessing: An Evaluation of Safety, Clinical Effectiveness and Cost Savings EP Lab Digest Feb-06 Vol. 6, No. 2
Dirschl, Douglas R., MD (Department of Orthopaedics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) Reuse of Selected External Fixator Components is Safe and Should be Supported Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma Jan-06 Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 43-46.
Tessarolo, F., Caola, I., Nollo, G., Antolini, R., Guarrera, G.M., and Caciagli, P. Efficiency in Endotoxin Removal by a Reprocessing Protocol for Electrophysiology Catheters Based on Hydrogen Peroxide Plasma Sterilization Int J Hyg Environ Health Nov-06 Vol. 209, pp. 557-565
Tessarolo, F., Caola, I., Caciagli, P., Guarrera, G.M., and Nollo G. Sterility and Microbiological Assessment of Reused Single Use Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2006 Vol. 27, No. 12
Druce, JD, Russell, JS, Birch, CJ, Vickery, K., Harper, RW, and Smolich, JJ. Cleaning and Sterilization Protocol for Reused Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters Inactivates Hepatitis and Coxsackie Viruses Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. Aug-05 Vol. 26, No. 8, pp. 720-725.
Sikka, Robby S., Fischer, David A., and Swiontkowski, Marc F.  (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota) Reprocessing Single-Use Devices: An Orthopaedic Perspective The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery Feb-05 Vol. 87-A, No. 2, pp. 450-57.
Distel, David RN, MSN, MBA; Beinborn, Douglas MA, BSN; and Hammill, Stephen MD Cost Containment: Single-Use Vs. Third-Party Reprocessing Issues for Review and Consideration EP Lab Digest September 2004 Vol. 9, Issue 9
Tessarolo, F., Ferrari, P., Bortoluzzi, S., Motta, A., Migliaresi, C., Zennaro, L., Rigo, A., Guarrera, G.A., and Nollo, G. Evaluation and Quantification of Reprocessing Modification in Single-Use Devices in Interventional Cardiology Applied Surface Science 2004 pp. 341.346
Association for Healthcare Resource & Materials Management AHRMM Reprocessing Advisory Hospitalconnect.com (American Hospital Association) Jan-04
Warburton, David Regaining Control: How OEMs Can Participate in the Medical Device Aftermarket in the Wake of MDUFMA: TAs Reprocessed Medical Devices Gain Legitimacy, Manufacturers Prepare for a Changing Market Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry Jul-03
Druce, JD, Russell, JS, Birch CJ, Yates, LA, Harper, RW, and Smolich, JJ. A Decontamination and Sterilization Protocol Employed During Reuse of Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters Inactivates Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. Mar-03 Vol 24, No. 3, pp. 184-190.
Matsuura, Maiko, MS, Lounici, Smain, MS, Inoue, Nozomu, MD, PhD, Walulik, Stephen, BS, and Chao, Edmund Y.S., PhD (Johns Hopkins University: Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory) Assessment of External Fixator Reusability Using Load- and Cycle-Dependent Tests Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research Jan-03 No. 406, pp. 275-81.
Ma, Nan., Petit, Alain, Huk, Olga L., Yahia L’Hocine, and Tabrizian Maryam. Safety Issue of Re-Sterilization of Polyurethane Electrophysiology Catheters: a Cytotoxicity Study Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition 2003 Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 213-226
Haley, Deborah RN, CNOR, MBA Implementing a Reprocessing Program: Success Hinges on Planning Infection Control Today Dec-02
Ischinger, T.A., Neubauer, G., Ujlaky, R., Schatzl, H., and Bock, M. Reuse of ‘Single Use’ Medical Devices After Quality Assured Reprocessing: Hygenic, Legal and Economic Aspects. Potential for Cost Savings in Interventional Cardiology Zeitschrift Fur Kardiologie November, 2002 Vol. 92, No. 11, pp. 889-98
Stante, Doug Medical Device Reprocessing – An Alternative AORN (Association of peri-Operative Registered Nurses) Journal Sep-02 Vol. 76, No. 3, pp. 406, 409-411
Kinney, Timothy P. MD, Kozarek, Richard A.MD, Raltz, Shirley RN, and Attia, Fouad MBBCh Contamination of Single-Use Biopsy Forceps: a Prospective in Vitro Analysis Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Aug-02 Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 209-12
Dunn, Debra RN, MBA, CNOR Reprocessing Single-Use Devices – Regulatory Roles AORN Journal Jul-02 Vol. 76, No. 1, pp. 98-132
Dunn, Debra RN, MBA, CNOR Reprocessing Single-Use Devices – the Equipment Connection AORN Journal Jun-02 Vol. 75 No. 6, pp. 1140-1164
Ayzman, Igor, Dibs, Samer R., Goldberger, Jeffrey, Passman, Rod, and Kadish, Alan In Vitro Performance Characteristics of Reused Ablation Catheters Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology May-02 No. 7, pp. 53-59
Sachs, Marion Reprocessing Single Use Devices AORN Journal May-02 Vol. 75, No. 5, pp. 919
Grabsch, E.A., Grayson, M.L., Johnson, P.D., Yates, L.A., Harper, R.W., and Smolich, J.J. Bactericidal Efficacy of Sterilizing Protocol for Reused Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters American Journal of Cardiology Mar-02 Vol. 89, pp. 770-772
Campbell, Steve The Reuse of Single-Use Devices: The Story Continues Biomedical Instrumentation and Technology (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation) September/October 2001 Vol. 35, No. 5, pp. 307-311
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. New Regulations Clear the Way for Third-Party Reprocessors Infection Control Today Oct-01 pp. 36-38
Lindsay, Bruce D., Kutalek, Steven P., Cannom, David S, Hammill, Stephen C., and Naccarelli, Gerald V. Reprocessing of Electrophysiology Catheters: Clinical Studies, Regulations, and Recommendations Journal of Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology Aug-01 Vol. 24, pp. 1297-1305
Emergency Care Research Institute (ECRI) Single-Use Device Reprocessing Companies; How to Choose Health Devices Mar-01 Vol. 30, pp.65-71
Mickelsen, Steven, Mickelsen, Cara, MacIndoe, Chamisa, Jaramillo, Joe, Bass, Sam MD, West, Gail RN, and Kusumoto, Fred MD Trends and Patterns in Electrophysiologic and Ablation Catheter Reuse in the United States American Journal of Cardiology, The 1-Feb-01 Vol. 87, pp. 351-353
Buchwalsky, R., Grove, R., and Feldkamp, E. 25 Year’s Experience with Reusable Heart Catheters Zeitschrift Fur Kardiologie Feb-01 pp. 542-549
Selvey, Don Medical Device Reprocessing Infection Control Today Jan-01 Vol. 5, No. 1
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. Single-Use Device Reprocessing FDA Consumer November/December 2001 Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 3
Clough, John. D., Maurer, Walter, and Nickelson, Dan E. If it Ain’t Broke, What are we Trying to Fix? Reprocessing Devices Labeled ‘for Single Use Only’ Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine Sep-00 Vol. 67, No. 9, pp. 682-4
Spera, Gabriel GAO Looks Favorably on Device Reprocessing Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry 22-Aug-00
Dickinson, James G. Justify Device Reuse Curbs on Your Labels, FDA Says Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry Aug-00
Wilcox, C.M. Methodology of Reprocessing One-Time Use Accessories Gastrointestal Endoscopy Clinics of North America Apr-00 Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 379-84
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. Third-Party Reprocessing of Endoscopic Accessories Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America Apr-00 Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 385-392
Lerouge, S., Guignot, C., Tabrizian, M., Ferrier, D., Yagoubi, N., and Yahia, L. Plasma-Based Sterilization: Effect on Surface and Bulk Properties and J Hydrolytic Stability of Reprocessed Polyurethane Electrophysiology Catheters J Biomed Mater Rs. 2000 pp. 1430-1343
FDA Deals Setback to Device Reprocessing Foes Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry 22-Oct-99
Stoermer, William B., Jr. Reprocessing Single-Use Devices: Why Does the Debate Continue? Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry Oct-99
Kozarek, R.A. MD, Raltz, S.L. RN, MSN, Ball, T.J. MD, Patterson, D.J. MD, and Brandaour, J.J. MD Reuse of Disposable Sphincterotomes for Diagnostic and Therapeutic ERCP: A One-Year Prospective Study Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Jan-99 Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 39-42
Roach, S.K., Kozarek, R.A. MD, Raltz S.L. RN, MSN, and Sumida, S.E. Ph.D In Vitro Evaluation of Integrity and Sterilization of Single-Use Argon Beam Plasma Coagulation Probes American Journal of Gastroenterology, The Jan-99 Vol. 94, No. 1, pp. 139-143
Blomstrom- Lundqvist, Carina The Safety of Reusing Ablation Catheters with Temperature Control and the Need for a Validation Protocol and Guidelines for Reprocessing Pacing and Clinical Eletrophysiology (PACE) Dec-98 Vol. 21, pp. 2563-70
Bathina, Murali N. MD, Mickelsen, Steve, Brooks, Conni RN, Jaramillo, Joe, Hepton, Trish. Kusumoto, Fred M. MD FACC Safety and Efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide Plasma Sterilization for Repeated Use of Electrophysiology Catheters Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1-Nov-98 Vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 1384-1388
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. Third-Party Reprocessing: Conserving HealthCare Resources Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry Oct-98
Dirschl, Douglas R. MD, Smith, Ilyse, J. RN  (Department of Orthopaedics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Wake Medical Education Institute, and the Wake Medical Center, Raleigh, NC) Reuse of External Skeletal Fixator Components: Effects on Costs and Complications The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care May-98 Vol. 44(5), pp. 855-858.
Kleinbeck, Susan V.M., English, Nancy L., and Hueschen, H. Jody Surgical Services Management Jan-98 Vol. IV, No. 1
Browne, Kevin.F. MD, FACC, Maldonado, Rey PhD, Telatnik, Mary RN, Vlietstra, Ronald E. MB, ChB, FACC and Brenner, Alan S. MD, FACC Initial Experience With Reuse of Coronary Angioplasty Catheters in the United States Journal of the American College of Cardiology Dec-97 Vol. 30, No. 7, pp. 1735-1740
Stewart, Ian “Single Use Only” Labelling of Medical Devices: Always Essential or Sometimes Spurious? Medical Journal of Australia 17-Nov-97 Vol. 167, pp. 538-539
Whitby, R.Michael ‘Single Use Only’: Obfuscation or the Necessary Attainment of Zero Risk? Medical Journal of Australia 17-Nov-97 Vol. 167, pp.519-520
Bloom, David F. MS, Cornhill J. Fredrick Dphil, Malchesky, Paul S. DEng, Richardson, Donna M. MS, Bolsen, Kathryn A., BS, Haire, Donna M., BS, Loop, Floyd D. MD, and Cosgrove III, Delos M. MD TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF REUSING DISPOSABLE PERFUSION CANNULAS Journal of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sep-97 Vol. 114, No. 3, pp. 448-460
Sites, Rick Policies for the Reuse of Disposables; Reprocessing Road Map OHA (the Association for Hospitals and Health Systems) News 16-May-97
Kozarek, Richard A. MD, Sumida, StanleyE. PhD, Raltz, Shirley L. RN, MSN, Merriam, Linda D. and Irizarry, David C. In vitro evaluation of wire integrity and ability to reprocess single-use sphincterotomes Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Feb-97 Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 117-121
English, N. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine 1996 Vol. 26, pp. 632-635
English, Nancy RN, BA, CNOR Reprocessing Disposables: One Strategy to Balance Cost Reduction and Quality Patient Care Today’s Surgical Nurse July/August 1996 pp.23-26
Turi, Zoltan G. MD Reuse of Single-Use Items Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis Jun-96 Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 133-134
Reuse of Disposable Laparoscopic Instruments: A Study of Related Surgical Complications Infection Control & Sterilization Technology May-96 pp. 78-80
DesCôteaux, Jean G. MD, MA, FRCSC, Poulin, Eric C. MD, MSc, FRCSC, Lortie, Micheline RN, BSc, Murray, Gilles MD, FRCPC, and Gingras, Suzanne RT Reposables – A Matter of Financial Survival Canadian Journal of Surgery Dec-95 Vol. 38, No. 6, pp. 497-500
Becker, G.Edward Put Those Nagging Sterilization Worries to Rest, Once and for All Infection Control & Sterilization Technology Oct-95 pp. 38-40
Aton, Elizabeth A. MS, Murray, Patrick PhD, Fraser, Victoria MD, Conaway, Larry AA, and Cain, Michael E. MD Safety of reusing cardiac electrophysiology catheters American Journal of Cardiology, The 1-Dec-94 Vol. 74, pp. 1173-1175
Bourassa, Martial G. MD, FACC Is reuse of coronary angioplasty catheters safe and effective? Journal of the American College of Cardiology 15-Nov-94 Vo. 24, No. 6, pp. 1482-1483
Jacob, Roger and Bentolila, Patricia The Re- Use of Single-Use Cardiac Catheters: Safety, Economical, Ethical, and Legal Issues Canadian Journal of Cardiology, The May-94 Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 413-421
Avitall, Boaz MD, PhD, FACC, Khan, Miqdad MD, Krum, David MSEE, Jazayeri, Mohammad MD, FACC and Hare, John BS Repeated use of ablation catheters: A prospective study Journal of American College of Cardiology 1-Nov-93 Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 1367-1372
Bentolila, P. Jacob, R., and Roberge, F. Effects of re-use on the physical characteristics of angiographic catheters Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology November/December 1990 Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 254-259
O’ Donoghue, Susan and Platia, Edward V. Reuse of Pacing Catheters: A Survey of Safety and Efficacy Pacing and Clinical Eletrophysiology (PACE) Sep-88 Vol. 11, pp. 1279-1280
Dunnigan, Ann MD, Roberts, Connie RN, McNamara, Mary RN, Bensen, D. Woodrow Jr. MD, PhD and Benditt, David G. MD Success of Re-use of Cardiac Electrode Catheters American Journal of Cardiology, The 1-Oct-87 Vol. 60, pp. 807-810