Peer Reviewed

AMDR Bibliography of Peer-Reviewed Articles and Other Scientific Literature on Reprocessing

Author Title Source Date Page, other info.
Geoffroy Ditac, Pierre Jean Cottinet, Minh Quyen Le, Daniel Grinberg, Josselin Duchateau, Kévin Gardey, Arnaud Dulac, et al. Carbon footprint of atrial fibrillation catheter ablation Get access Arrow EP Europace 15 September 2022
Miguel Cunha Sustainability Prize 3 Surgeons’ awareness and opinions on sustainability in surgery: the ECOS-Surgery global survey British Journal of Surgery  9 August 2022
Julie Boussuge-Roze, Serge Boveda, Saagar Mahida, Ante Anic, Giulio Conte, Julian K R Chun, Eloi Marijon, Frederic Sacher, Pierre Jais Current practices and expectations to reduce environmental impact of electrophysiology catheters: results from an EHRA/LIRYC European physician survey EP Europace 9 August 2022
Chantelle Rizan, Tom Brophy, Robert Lillywhite, Malcom Reed & Mahmood F. Bhutta Life cycle assessment and life cycle cost of repairing surgical scissors The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 2 June 2022
Amanda Andersen,
Siri Fritze Sørensen
A case study of the environmental and economic sustainability of using remanufactured ultrasound catheters Research Gate June 2022
John Lazarus, Salome Maswime, Graham Fieggen, et al. Call for the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority to
revisit regulations relating to singleuse medical devices
The South African Medical Journal April 2022
Rosemary Haddock MBCHB, MRCP, PGDip Med Ed1; Rabia de Latour MD2; Keith Siau MRCP3; Bu’Hussain Hayee PhD, FRCP4; Swapna Gayam MD, FACG5 Climate Change and Gastroenterology: Planetary Primum Non Nocere and How Industry Must Help The American Journal of Gastroenterology March 2022
Purnima Aishwarya Prasad, Dhruvi Joshi, Jennifer Lighter, Jenna Agins, Robin Allen, Michael Collins, Foohel Pena, Joan Velletri & Cassandra Thiel Environmental footprint of regular and intensive inpatient care in a large US hospital The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4 December 2021
Victor J. Dzau, M.D., Rachel Levine, M.D., George Barrett, M.B.A., and Andrew Witty, B.A. Decarbonizing the U.S. Health Sector — A Call to Action The New England Journal of Medicine 2 December 2021
MF Bhutta Our over-reliance on single-use equipment
in the operating theatre is misguided,
irrational and harming our planet
The Royal College of Surgeons of England 10 November 2021
Marina Romanello, PhD
Alice McGushin, MSc
Claudia Di Napoli, PhD
Paul Drummond, MSc
Nick Hughes, PhD
Louis Jamart, MSc
et al.
The 2021 report of the Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: code red for a healthy future The Lancet 20 October 2021
Eliana Auxiliadora Costa, Edina Costa Single-use devices: reuse regulation policies and implications for collective health SciELO Brazil 18 October 2021
Chantelle Rizan & Mahmood F. Bhutta Environmental impact and life cycle financial cost of hybrid (reusable/single-use) instruments versus single-use equivalents in laparoscopic cholecystectomy Surgical Endoscopy 24 September 2021
Jodi D Sherman, Forbes McGain, Melissa Lem,  Frances Mortimer, Wayne B Jonas, Andrea J MacNeill Net zero healthcare: a call for clinician action BMJ 20 September 2021

Bart van Straten, S Ligtelijn, L Droog, E Putman, J Dankelman, N H Sperna Weiland, T Horeman

A life cycle assessment of reprocessing face masks during the Covid-19 pandemic
National Library of Medicine 3 September 2021
Tuncay Bayrak, Saliha Işıl Soylu Reprocessing of single use medical devices: A new proposal for a regulation Health Policy and Technology 16 July 2021

Victoria Pegna1, Scarlett A. McNally

Are single use items the biggest scam of the century?
Royal College of Surgeons of England 1 July 2021

Jakov Mihanović, Zenon Pogorelić, Nataša Skitarelić, Robert Karlo, Miro Jukić, Igor Stipančić

Reuse of single-use surgical equipment – Survey on current practice and attitudes in Croatia

Portal Hrvatskih Znanstvenih Strucnih Casopisa July 2021
Damola Ikeoluwa Akano, Winifred Ijomah, James Windmillb Hierarchical analysis of factors influencing acceptance of remanufactured medical devices Cleaner and Responsible Consumption June 2021

C Rizan, M F Bhutta

Strategy for net-zero carbon surgery
Oxford Academic: British Journal of Surgery 8 May 2021

Ilyssa O Gordon, MD, PhD, Jodi D Sherman, MD, Michael Leapman, MD, Michael Overcash, PhD, Cassandra L Thiel, PhD

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Gastrointestinal Biopsies in a Surgical Pathology Laboratory
American Journal of Clinical Pathology 5 April 2021

Anna Schulte, Daniel Maga and Nils Thonemann

Combining Life Cycle Assessment and Circularity Assessment to Analyze Environmental Impacts of the Medical Remanufacturing of Electrophysiology Catheters

MDPI 17 January 2021

Matthew J. Eckelman, Kaixin Huang, Robert Lagasse, Emily Senay, Robert Dubrow, and Jodi D. Sherman

Health Care Pollution And Public Health Damage In The United States: An Update Health Affairs December 2020

Andrea J. MacNeill, Harriet Hopf, et. al.

Transforming The Medical Device Industry: Road Map To A Circular Economy

Health Affairs December 2020
Rizan, Chantelle MRCS (ENT); Steinbach, Ingeborg MA; Nicholson, Rosamond MBChB; Lillywhite, Rob PhD; Reed, Malcolm FRCS; Bhutta, Mahmood F. FRCS The Carbon Footprint of Surgical Operations Annals of Surgery December 2020
Matthew J. Eckelman, Kaixin Huang, Robert Lagasse, Emily Senay, Robert Dubrow, and Jodi D. Sherman Health Care Pollution And Public Health Damage In The United States: An Update Health Affairs December 2020

Jakov Mihanović & Nataša Lisica Šikić & Ivana Mrklić & Zvonimir Katušić & Robert Karlo & Miro Jukić &
Ana Jerončić & Zenon Pogorelić

Comparison of new versus reused Harmonic scalpel performance
in laparoscopic appendectomy in patients with acute
appendicitis—a randomized clinical trial
Langenbeck’s Archives of Surgery 25 November 2020
D.Guzzo, M.M.Carvalho, R.Balkenende, J.Mascarenhas Circular business models in the medical device industry: paths towards sustainable healthcare Resources, Conservation and Recycling September 2020

Gerald McDonnell

Block’s Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation Wolters Kluwer 12 August 2020

Jodi D.Sherman MD, Cassandra Thiel PhD, et. al.

The Green Print: Advancement of Environmental Sustainability in Healthcare Resources, Conservation and Recycling 22 July 2020

David Dunckeret, et. al.

Reprocessing of electrophysiology material in EHRA countries: an EHRAYoung EP survey European Society of Cardiology 20 July 2020

C Rizan1, M Reed, F Mortimer, A Jones, R Stancliffe, MF Bhutta

Using surgical
sustainability principles to
improve planetary health
and optimise surgical
services following the
COVID-19 pandemic
The Bulletin of the Royal College of Surgeons 1 July 2020
Chantelle Rizan, Frances Mortimer, Rachel Stancliffe, et. al. Plastics in healthcare: time for a re-evaluation The Royal Society of Medicine Journals  7 February 2020

Amit S Gill, Thomas Hampton, Ravi Sharma

Activism for health: green surgery

BMJ  4 February 2020

George Winter

Green Theatre The Bulletin of the Royal College of Surgeons November 2019

Cassandra Thiel, PhD; Leora I. Horwitz, MD, MHS

Improving Value in Health Care Through Comprehensive Supply Optimization

Jama Network October 2019
Jodi D. Sherman, MD; Andrea MacNeill, MD, FRCSC; Cassandra Thiel, PhD Reducing Pollution From the Health Care Industry Jama Network 2 August 2019
Duojin Wang and Jing Wu Reprocessing and Reuse of Single-Use Medical Devices in China: A Pilot Survey BMC Public Health April 2019
Bruno de Sousa Martins

Reprocessing of Single-Use Medical Devices: Clinical and Financial Results

Portuguese Journal of Public Health February 2019
Lisa WM Leung & Banu Evranos & Alexander Grimster & Anthony Li & Mark Norman & Abhay Bajpai & Zia Zuberi & Manav Sohal & Mark M. Gallagher Remanufactured Circular Mapping Catheters: Safety, Effectiveness and Cost Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology December 2018
Camila R.Guettera, Barbara J.Williams, Eliza Slama, Amanda Arrington, Marion C.Henry, Mecker G.Möllere, Janet Elizabeth Tuttle-Newhall, Sharon Steing, & Marie Crandall Greening the Operating Room The American Journal of Surgery October 2018
Kerstin H. Wyssusek, Maggie T. Keys, André A. J. van Zundert
Operating room greening initiatives – the old, the new, and the way forward: A narrative review
Sage Journals 22 August 2018
David Renton, Peter Denk & Oliver Varban Reprocessed single-use devices in laparoscopy: assessment of cost, environmental impact, and patient safety Surgical Endoscopy 15 June 2018
Sorawut Thamyongkit, Malick Bachabi , John M. Thompson, Babar Shafiq and Erik A. Hasenboehler Use of reprocessed external fixators in orthopaedic surgery: a survey of 243 orthopaedic trauma surgeons Patient Safety in Surgery  June 2018
Cassandra L Thiel, Noe C Woods, Melissa M Bilec Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Laparoscopic Surgery Am J Public Health April 2018
Daniel Vukelich, Esq., Association of Medical Device Reprocessors English Issue Headlines Journal of MDR May 2017
Aditya Kapoora, Amit Vorab, Gita Natarajc, Sundeep Mishrad, Prafulla Kerkare, C.N. Manjunath Guidance on Reuse of Cardio-Vascular Catheters and Devices in India: A Consensus Document Indian Heart Journal April 2017
Daniel Vukelich, Esq., Association of Medical Device Reprocessors Lessons Learned from FDA’s Regulation of ‘Single-Use’ Device Reprocessing AAMI Horizons Spring 2016 pp. 32-34
Helen Brann, CMRP, Duke University Heart Center, and Angela Capone, RN, BSN A Tale of Two SUD Reprocessing Programs: How Two Similar Health Systems Can Achieve Very Different Results EP Lab Digest 2015
Alonso Punter, Juan Carlos et al. Economic and Environmental Impact from Reprocessing Single-Use Products in Spanish Hospitals Impacto Económico y Medioambiental Del
Reprocesamiento De Productos De Un Solo Uso
En Hospitales Españoles
2015 Translation of Introduction and Conclusion
Scott Unger, Amy Landis Assessing the environmental, human health, and economic impacts of reprocessed medical devices in a Phoenix hospital’s supply chain Journal of Cleaner Production August 2015
Loftus, Terrence J. MD, MBA, FACS A Comparison of the Failure Rate between Original Equipment Manufacturer and Reprocessed Single-use Energy Devices ASME Journal of Medical Devices August 2015
Vukelich, Daniel J., Esq., CAE Singled Out Medical Plastics News August 2014 No. 33, p. 55
John C. Wocher The Reuse of Medical Devices Intended for Single Use: The Great Difference of Opinions Japan Hospitals: The Journal of Japan Hospital Association July 2014 No. 33, p. 55
Orsini, John,Executive VP & CFO of Cadence Health Web Extra: Identifying Supply Chain Cost-Containment Opportunities Healthcare Financial Management Association June 2014 Only available to HFMA Members
Choiniere, Denise B., MS, RN Greening the OR OR Nurse Journal July 2013 Volume 7, Issue 4 p 41-47
Vukelich, Daniel J., Esq., CAE Reading into labels: Unpacking the ‘single use’ debate European Medical Hygiene July 2013 EMH Magazine, Issue 5
Rao R, Mani R, et al Reprocessing of single-use hemodynamic catheters in cardiology-we do but how best to do it Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control June 2013 From 2nd International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control (ICPIC 2013)
Vukelich, Daniel J., Esq. A Winning Approach; Regulating Rather Than Banning the Reprocessing of Single Use Devices  Arab Medical Hygiene April 2013 AMH Magazine, Issue 9
Yoan Kagoma MD, Nathan Stall MD, Edward Rubinstein MSc CEM, Douglas Naudie MD People, Planets and Profits: The Case for Greening Operating Rooms Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) 11 June 2012 CMAJ 2012. DOI:10.1503 /cmaj.112139
Marcus Bracklo and Ulrike Marczak, Chief Executive Office and Head of Reprocessing, Vanguard AG (Berlin). Reprocessing Cardiology Devices – Reviewing 15 Years of Experience in Germany European Cardiology Summer 2012 Vol. 8, Issue 2
Eller, Joann Sustainability Strategies at Piedmont Hospital: 10 Years of Reprocessing Success in the EP Lab EP Lab Digest October 2011 Vol. 11, Issue 10
Vukelich, Daniel J., Esq. Setting the Record Straight: The Debate Over Reprocessing Should Focus on Facts and Science, Not Scare Tactics and Innuendo Journal of Medical Device Regulation May 2011  Vol. 8, Issue 2, pp.23-28
Von Eiff, Wilfried, M.D. Report Confirms: Reprocessing Single-Use Devices Decreases Costs Medical Data Institute March 2011
Metcalf, Carole L. BS, RN, CNOR, CRNFA Medical Device Reprocessing: A New Way to Go Green OR Nurse March 2011 Vol. 5, Issue 2, pp. 43-46
Kwakye, Gifty; Brat, Gabriel A.; Makary, Martin A. Green Surgical Practices for Health Care Archives of Surgery February 2011 Vol 146, pp.131-6
Tessarolo,Francesco; Caola, Iole; Nollo, Giandomenico  Critical Issues in Reprocessing Single-Use Medical Devices for Interventional Cardiology Biomedical Engineering, Trends, Research and Technologies  January 2011  pp 619-644
Lester, Bruce R. PhD; Miller, Keith; Boers, Arie BS; Harris, David C. BS; Gamble, William G. MD Comparison of In Vivo Clinical Performance and Shaft Temperature and In Vitro Tissue Temperature and Transection Times Between New and Reprocessed Harmonic Scalpels Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques October 2010 Vol 20 – No 5  pp 150–159
The Risks are Controllable European Hospital October 2010
Walter Popp, Ossama Rasslan, Akeau Unahalekhaka, Pola Brenner, Edith Fischnaller, et. al.

What is the use? An international look at reuse of single-use medical devices

International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

July 2010
Kwakye, G. MPH, Pronovost, P J. MD, PhD and Makary, M. A. MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University A Call to Go Green in Health Care by Reprocessing Medical Equipment Academic Medicine; The Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges March 2010 Vol. 85, No. 3, 398-400.
Sloan, T. First, Do No Harm? A Framework for Evaluating New Versus Reprocessed Medical Devices Journal of the Operational Research Society 2010 Vol. 61, 191-201
Lester, Bruce R., Boser, Nicole P., Miller, Keith, Schnapf, Mark, Jacques, Beth A., Sullivan, Brian F., and Marchin, George L. Reprocessing and Sterilization of Single-Use Electrophysiological Catheters: Removal of Organic Carbon and Protein Surface Residues Journal of AOAC International; A Peer-Reviewed Journal Publishing Basic and Applied Research in the Analytical Sciences Related to Foods, Drugs, Agriculture, and the Environment 2009 Vol. 92, No. 4, pp. 1165-73.
Bank, Alan J., Berry, James M., Wilson, Robert F., and Lester, Bruce R. Acceptance Criteria for Reprocessed Acunav Catheters: Comparison Between Functionality Testing and Clinical Image Assessment Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, Official Journal of the World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology March 2009 Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 507-514.
Kramer, Axel, Assadian, Ojan, Jaekel, Christian and Kraft, Marc. The Safe Processing of Medical Devices in the Interests of Patient Protection GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 27;  ISSN 186-5245
Kramer, Axel and Assadian, Ojan Ethical and Hygiene Aspects of the Reprocessing of Medical Devices in Germany GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 25; ISSN 186-5245
Grosskopf, Volker and Jaekel, Christian Legal Framework Conditions for the Reprocessing of Medical Devices GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 24; ISSN 186-5245
Kraft, Marc Framework Conditions and Requirements to Ensure the Technical Functional Safety of Reprocesed Medical Devices GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 23; ISSN 186-5245
Klosz, Kerstin Quality Management for the Processing of Medical Devices GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 22; ISSN 186-5245
Krueger, Colin M. Processing Single-Use Medical Devices for Use in Surgery – Importance, Status Quo and Potential GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 21; ISSN 186-5245
Gaertner, D., Muenz, K., Hueckelheim, E., and Hesse, U. Ultrasound Scissors: New Single-Use Instruments vs. Resterilized Single-Use Instruments – A Prospective Randomised Study GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 20; ISSN 186-5245
Vom Woedtke, Thomas and Kramer, Axel The Limits of Sterility Assurance GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinaer; Deutsche Gesellscheaft fuer Krankenhaushygiene 3 September 2008 Vol. 3(3), Doc 19; ISSN 186-5245
Sung, Jinsil K., Levin, MD, Rafael, Siegel, MD, Jodi, Einhord, MD, Thomas A., Creevy, MD, Willliam R., and Tornetta, MD, Paul. Reuse of External Fixation Components: A Randomized Trial Journal of Orthpedic Trauma February 2008 Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 126-131.
Horwitz, Daniel S. MD, Schabel, Kathryn L.S. MD, Higgins, Thomas F. MD The Economic Impact of Reprocessing External Fixation Components Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery October 2007 89: 2132-36
Tessarolo, F., Disertori, M., Caola, I., Guarrera, G.M., Favaretti, C., and Nollo, G. Health Technology Assessment on Reprocessing Single-Use Catheters for Cardiac Electrophysiology: Results of a Three-Years Study Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 23-26 August 2007 pp. 1758-1761
Tessarolo, F., Caola, I., Fedel, M., Stacchiotti, A., Caciagli, P., Guarrera, G.M., Motta, A., and Nollo, G. Different Experimental Protocols for Decontamination Affect the Cleaning of Medical Devices Journal of Hospital Infection 2007 Vol. 65, pp. 326-333
Lester, Bruce R., Alexander, Alan A., Miller, Keith, Boser, Nicole P., Sullivan, Brian F., and Brucker, Gregory Comparison of Performance Characteristics Between New and Reprocessed Electrophysiology Catheters Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 2006 Vol. 17, pp. 77-83
Chudzik, Rafal, Howell, Michael, BSN, RN, Mahajan, Atul AcuNav Reprocessing: An Evaluation of Safety, Clinical Effectiveness and Cost Savings EP Lab Digest February 2006 Vol. 6, No. 2
Dirschl, Douglas R., MD (Department of Orthopaedics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) Reuse of Selected External Fixator Components is Safe and Should be Supported Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma January 2006 Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 43-46.
Tessarolo, F., Caola, I., Nollo, G., Antolini, R., Guarrera, G.M., and Caciagli, P. Efficiency in Endotoxin Removal by a Reprocessing Protocol for Electrophysiology Catheters Based on Hydrogen Peroxide Plasma Sterilization Int J Hyg Environ Health November 2006 Vol. 209, pp. 557-565
Tessarolo, F., Caola, I., Caciagli, P., Guarrera, G.M., and Nollo G. Sterility and Microbiological Assessment of Reused Single Use Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2006 Vol. 27, No. 12
Druce, JD, Russell, JS, Birch, CJ, Vickery, K., Harper, RW, and Smolich, JJ. Cleaning and Sterilization Protocol for Reused Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters Inactivates Hepatitis and Coxsackie Viruses Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. August 2005 Vol. 26, No. 8, pp. 720-725.
Sikka, Robby S., Fischer, David A., and Swiontkowski, Marc F.  (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota) Reprocessing Single-Use Devices: An Orthopaedic Perspective The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery February 2005 Vol. 87-A, No. 2, pp. 450-57.
Distel, David RN, MSN, MBA; Beinborn, Douglas MA, BSN; and Hammill, Stephen MD Cost Containment: Single-Use Vs. Third-Party Reprocessing Issues for Review and Consideration EP Lab Digest September 2004 Vol. 9, Issue 9
Tessarolo, F., Ferrari, P., Bortoluzzi, S., Motta, A., Migliaresi, C., Zennaro, L., Rigo, A., Guarrera, G.A., and Nollo, G. Evaluation and Quantification of Reprocessing Modification in Single-Use Devices in Interventional Cardiology Applied Surface Science 2004 pp. 341.346
Association for Healthcare Resource & Materials Management AHRMM Reprocessing Advisory (American Hospital Association) January 2004
Warburton, David Regaining Control: How OEMs Can Participate in the Medical Device Aftermarket in the Wake of MDUFMA: TAs Reprocessed Medical Devices Gain Legitimacy, Manufacturers Prepare for a Changing Market Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry July 2003
Druce, JD, Russell, JS, Birch CJ, Yates, LA, Harper, RW, and Smolich, JJ. A Decontamination and Sterilization Protocol Employed During Reuse of Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters Inactivates Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. March 2003 Vol 24, No. 3, pp. 184-190.
Matsuura, Maiko, MS, Lounici, Smain, MS, Inoue, Nozomu, MD, PhD, Walulik, Stephen, BS, and Chao, Edmund Y.S., PhD (Johns Hopkins University: Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory) Assessment of External Fixator Reusability Using Load- and Cycle-Dependent Tests Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research January 2003 No. 406, pp. 275-81.
Ma, Nan., Petit, Alain, Huk, Olga L., Yahia L’Hocine, and Tabrizian Maryam. Safety Issue of Re-Sterilization of Polyurethane Electrophysiology Catheters: a Cytotoxicity Study Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition 2003 Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 213-226
Haley, Deborah RN, CNOR, MBA Implementing a Reprocessing Program: Success Hinges on Planning Infection Control Today December 2002
Ischinger, T.A., Neubauer, G., Ujlaky, R., Schatzl, H., and Bock, M. Reuse of ‘Single Use’ Medical Devices After Quality Assured Reprocessing: Hygenic, Legal and Economic Aspects. Potential for Cost Savings in Interventional Cardiology Zeitschrift Fur Kardiologie November 2002 Vol. 92, No. 11, pp. 889-98
Stante, Doug Medical Device Reprocessing – An Alternative AORN (Association of peri-Operative Registered Nurses) Journal September 2002 Vol. 76, No. 3, pp. 406, 409-411
Kinney, Timothy P. MD, Kozarek, Richard A.MD, Raltz, Shirley RN, and Attia, Fouad MBBCh Contamination of Single-Use Biopsy Forceps: a Prospective in Vitro Analysis Gastrointestinal Endoscopy August 2002 Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 209-12
Dunn, Debra RN, MBA, CNOR Reprocessing Single-Use Devices – Regulatory Roles AORN Journal July 2002 Vol. 76, No. 1, pp. 98-132
Dunn, Debra RN, MBA, CNOR Reprocessing Single-Use Devices – the Equipment Connection AORN Journal June 2002 Vol. 75 No. 6, pp. 1140-1164
Ayzman, Igor, Dibs, Samer R., Goldberger, Jeffrey, Passman, Rod, and Kadish, Alan In Vitro Performance Characteristics of Reused Ablation Catheters Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology May 2002 No. 7, pp. 53-59
Sachs, Marion Reprocessing Single Use Devices AORN Journal May 2002 Vol. 75, No. 5, pp. 919
Grabsch, E.A., Grayson, M.L., Johnson, P.D., Yates, L.A., Harper, R.W., and Smolich, J.J. Bactericidal Efficacy of Sterilizing Protocol for Reused Cardiac Electrophysiology Catheters American Journal of Cardiology March 2002 Vol. 89, pp. 770-772
Campbell, Steve The Reuse of Single-Use Devices: The Story Continues Biomedical Instrumentation and Technology (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation) September/October 2001 Vol. 35, No. 5, pp. 307-311
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. New Regulations Clear the Way for Third-Party Reprocessors Infection Control Today October 2001 pp. 36-38
Lindsay, Bruce D., Kutalek, Steven P., Cannom, David S, Hammill, Stephen C., and Naccarelli, Gerald V. Reprocessing of Electrophysiology Catheters: Clinical Studies, Regulations, and Recommendations Journal of Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology August 2001 Vol. 24, pp. 1297-1305
Emergency Care Research Institute (ECRI) Single-Use Device Reprocessing Companies; How to Choose Health Devices March 2001 Vol. 30, pp.65-71
Mickelsen, Steven, Mickelsen, Cara, MacIndoe, Chamisa, Jaramillo, Joe, Bass, Sam MD, West, Gail RN, and Kusumoto, Fred MD Trends and Patterns in Electrophysiologic and Ablation Catheter Reuse in the United States American Journal of Cardiology, The 1 February 2001 Vol. 87, pp. 351-353
Buchwalsky, R., Grove, R., and Feldkamp, E. 25 Year’s Experience with Reusable Heart Catheters Zeitschrift Fur Kardiologie February 2001 pp. 542-549
Selvey, Don Medical Device Reprocessing Infection Control Today January 2001 Vol. 5, No. 1
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. Single-Use Device Reprocessing FDA Consumer November/December 2001 Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 3
Clough, John. D., Maurer, Walter, and Nickelson, Dan E. If it Ain’t Broke, What are we Trying to Fix? Reprocessing Devices Labeled ‘for Single Use Only’ Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine September 2000 Vol. 67, No. 9, pp. 682-4
Spera, Gabriel GAO Looks Favorably on Device Reprocessing Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry 22 August 2000
Dickinson, James G. Justify Device Reuse Curbs on Your Labels, FDA Says Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry August 2000
Wilcox, C.M. Methodology of Reprocessing One-Time Use Accessories Gastrointestal Endoscopy Clinics of North America April 2000 Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 379-84
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. Third-Party Reprocessing of Endoscopic Accessories Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America April 2000 Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 385-392
Lerouge, S., Guignot, C., Tabrizian, M., Ferrier, D., Yagoubi, N., and Yahia, L. Plasma-Based Sterilization: Effect on Surface and Bulk Properties and J Hydrolytic Stability of Reprocessed Polyurethane Electrophysiology Catheters J Biomed Mater Rs. 2000 pp. 1430-1343
FDA Deals Setback to Device Reprocessing Foes Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry 22 October 1999
Stoermer, William B., Jr. Reprocessing Single-Use Devices: Why Does the Debate Continue? Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry October 1999
Kozarek, R.A. MD, Raltz, S.L. RN, MSN, Ball, T.J. MD, Patterson, D.J. MD, and Brandaour, J.J. MD Reuse of Disposable Sphincterotomes for Diagnostic and Therapeutic ERCP: A One-Year Prospective Study Gastrointestinal Endoscopy January 1999 Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 39-42
Roach, S.K., Kozarek, R.A. MD, Raltz S.L. RN, MSN, and Sumida, S.E. Ph.D In Vitro Evaluation of Integrity and Sterilization of Single-Use Argon Beam Plasma Coagulation Probes American Journal of Gastroenterology, The January 1999 Vol. 94, No. 1, pp. 139-143
Blomstrom- Lundqvist, Carina The Safety of Reusing Ablation Catheters with Temperature Control and the Need for a Validation Protocol and Guidelines for Reprocessing Pacing and Clinical Eletrophysiology (PACE) December 1998 Vol. 21, pp. 2563-70
Bathina, Murali N. MD, Mickelsen, Steve, Brooks, Conni RN, Jaramillo, Joe, Hepton, Trish. Kusumoto, Fred M. MD FACC Safety and Efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide Plasma Sterilization for Repeated Use of Electrophysiology Catheters Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1 November 1998 Vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 1384-1388
Furman, Pamela J. Esq. Third-Party Reprocessing: Conserving HealthCare Resources Medical Device & Diagnostic Industry October 1998
Dirschl, Douglas R. MD, Smith, Ilyse, J. RN  (Department of Orthopaedics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Wake Medical Education Institute, and the Wake Medical Center, Raleigh, NC) Reuse of External Skeletal Fixator Components: Effects on Costs and Complications The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care May 1998 Vol. 44(5), pp. 855-858.
Kleinbeck, Susan V.M., English, Nancy L., and Hueschen, H. Jody Surgical Services Management Jan 1998 Vol. IV, No. 1
Browne, Kevin.F. MD, FACC, Maldonado, Rey PhD, Telatnik, Mary RN, Vlietstra, Ronald E. MB, ChB, FACC and Brenner, Alan S. MD, FACC Initial Experience With Reuse of Coronary Angioplasty Catheters in the United States Journal of the American College of Cardiology Dec 1997 Vol. 30, No. 7, pp. 1735-1740
Stewart, Ian “Single Use Only” Labelling of Medical Devices: Always Essential or Sometimes Spurious? Medical Journal of Australia 17 November 1997 Vol. 167, pp. 538-539
Whitby, R.Michael ‘Single Use Only’: Obfuscation or the Necessary Attainment of Zero Risk? Medical Journal of Australia 17 November 1997 Vol. 167, pp.519-520
Bloom, David F. MS, Cornhill J. Fredrick Dphil, Malchesky, Paul S. DEng, Richardson, Donna M. MS, Bolsen, Kathryn A., BS, Haire, Donna M., BS, Loop, Floyd D. MD, and Cosgrove III, Delos M. MD TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF REUSING DISPOSABLE PERFUSION CANNULAS Journal of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, The September 1997 Vol. 114, No. 3, pp. 448-460
Sites, Rick Policies for the Reuse of Disposables; Reprocessing Road Map OHA (the Association for Hospitals and Health Systems) News 16 May 1997
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